When cutting out hair from a background, it is helpful to keep in mind that it’s much easier to use dark hair against a light background or light hair against a dark background.
Creation of Selection with Channel Masking Technique
First step is to find the color channel which shows the maximum amount of contrast between the hair and background. Duplicate that channel and increase the contrast with Levels. The darks should be extremely dark but if the edges of the hair look too coarse, you can decrease the darkness a little bit.
Hold CMD/CNTL and click on your channel copy. Click on the layer mask icon, and everything that was dark will turn invisible. All you have to do is invert the selection (CMD/CNTL + I). If parts of the image are transparent that shouldn’t be, you can paint over the layer mask where it needs to be filled in.
Removal of Fringing
To take care of fringing (light or white part around the edges of the hair), clipping masks will come in handy! -Create a new layer -Right click, and select “create clipping mask” -Use the brush tool or clone stamp tool to fill in the white areas Now, whatever work is done on that layer will only apply to the underlying layer. In other words, your new layer is clipped to what’s under it. Change the clipped layer from normal to darken- this will only effect the whitest part of the hair. Use the clone stamp tool to paint over the light parts of the hair.
Frequency separation helps make retouching a portrait easier in Photoshop. Frequency separation works because it allows you to separate the texture of an image from the tone and color. When retouching you can focus on just the texture or the skin beneath it.
It sounds quite complex but in practice it is quite simple. If you want to work with texture, choose the high frequency layer, if you want to work with skin choose the low frequency layer.
Getting Started with Frequency Separation
To get your image set up for frequency separation you will have to make 2 copies of your background layer. If you are not starting from the beginning, add a Stamp Visible layer over all layers by typing CTRL+ALT+OPTN+E. One of these copies will be for your low frequency (skin) and one will be for your high frequency (texture).
First apply a Gaussian Blur to the lower (low frequency) layer. Choose a radius that blurs out the skin texture, but don’t go too far as to make the face unrecognizable.
Next choose your high frequency layer and go to Image, Apply Image. Here you will want to se the Layer: to the low frequency layer. For blending choose Subtract and for Scale:2, Offset:128. These will be your settings every time, no need to change them.
Now you should have one layer with a blur (low frequency) and a layer above it that looks mostly gray (high frequency). Select the high frequency layer and change the blending mode to “Linear Light”.
Your image should now look identical to the image before you started the process.
Correcting Underlying Color
To correct the underlying color (skin) choose an area with the lasso tool. I suggest feathering the selection to make it look more realistic. Use Q for Quick Mask as a quick way to see what your selection looks like. After you have made your selection choose the low frequency (blurred) layer and apply a Gaussian Blur in the selection. Choose a radius high enough to blend the tones together.
Repeat this process over different areas of the portrait to smooth the skin tones. Because the texture is on a different layer, it should stay in tact during this entire process.
If you need to correct texture, we recommend waiting until after you do the tone. Select the high frequency layer and choose the Clone Stamp Tool. In the Clone Stamp Tool settings be sure to hit Sample: Current Layer. This will make sure you are just using the texture and not sampling anything else. Then on your high frequency layer sample good skin texture using ALT and then paint over “bad” skin texture. This will work very well for stray hairs, acne, wrinkles and other small blemishes.
Learn how to enhance any sky by making it more dramatic in Photoshop!
How to Create a Selection from the Sky
The first step in creating a dramatic sky in Photoshop is to create a selection out of the sky, so only the sky is altered, not the rest of the image.
Use the Magic Wand Tool to select the sky. If the Magic Wand Tool doesn’t select enough area, bring the Tolerance higher, if it is selecting too much, lower the Tolerance. In this episode, we use a tolerance of about 30.
Chances are, your entire sky will not be selected with one click of the Magic Wand Tool. To add to an active selection, hold down the SHIFT Key and click another area. You will see a ‘+’ icon next to the Magic Wand Tool Cursor.
To remove an area from a selection, hold the ALT/OPTN key and click on a selected area. You will see a ‘-‘ icon next to the Magic Wand Tool Cursor.
The goal here is to select the entire sky without selecting areas like trees, people, or buildings.
Load the Selection in a Group Layer Mask.
After creating a selection of the sky with the Magic Wand Tool, create a new layer and group the layer with itself by pressing CTRL/CMD+G. Then select the group and click on the layer mask icon. The active selection will be translated into a layer mask, revealing only the area that was once the selection.
The reason for making this Group Layer Mask is to restrict any layers inside the group to only show up over the sky. Any layer you place inside this group is defined by the layer mask of the group.
How to Add Dramatic Highlights and Shadows?
They key to making skies more dramatic in Photoshop is to enhance the detail that is already present in the photo.
The techniques used in this tutorial will apply to any sky!
Let’s start by enhancing the dark areas of the sky. Create a new layer inside the group with the sky layer mask. Select black as the foreground color and use a large soft-edged brush to paint over the dark areas in the sky.
Next, open the Blending Options for the Layer by going to ‘Layer – Layer Style – Blending Options.’ Change the blending mode to either ‘Multiply,’ ‘Soft Light’ or ‘Overlay’.
At the bottom of the Blending Options Panel, there are two sliders labeled ‘Blend If,’ we are going to use the ‘Underlying Layer’ Slider. Hold ALT/OPTN and click on the white arrow on the right-hand side of the slider and drag to the left. This will separate out the two end points and allow for a smoother transition. By sliding the arrows from the right side, you are telling Photoshop to make this layer invisible where the underlying layer is lighter.
To put it all together, the black you painted on the layer is now only visible in the darker areas of the sky, and it is making those areas even darker.
When it comes to adding highlights, simply do the exact opposite.
Paint white over the light areas in the sky, change the blending mode to Soft Light, Overlay, or Screen and click on the black arrows on the left-hand side of the Underlying Layer slider in the Blend If the screen and drag the arrow to the right.
To add some color to the sky, simply do the same thing, only paint with color instead of black and white!
While shooting images you should make sure that you should move any unwanted objects before taking the photograph but if it is not the option then Photoshop comes into play.
Selections Are the Keys to Removing Objects
Often times the objects you want to remove are behind other objects. In this episode we remove a trashcan and a street sign, both of which are behind a lamp post and a stone seat. In order to remove the objects from the background we have to make a selection that keeps the lamp post and stone seat from being affected.
To make this selection we use the Pen Tool. It is one of the more complicated tools to use in Photoshop but it is well worth learning because of how powerful it is.
After your selection is made it is time to use any tools available to build the background. If you are lucky there will be plenty of area to sample from that looks like the area you need to cover.
Start out using the Clone Stamp Tool, it will duplicate a sampled area and can do most of the job for you providing you have an area to sample.
Sometimes you will have to remove and object and that means creating something “behind” that object from scratch. This is where the brush tool comes in.
When All Else Fails, Use the Brush Tool
The brush tool is incredibly powerful and shouldn’t be overlooked when creating a new background. it may not have as much detail as the Clone Stamp Tool but you are not limited to sampling areas.
With the brush tool you can “paint” anything you can think of, including the background over top of an object you want to remove. This may sound really hard but using color samples from the surrounding image and a little creativity you would be amazed at what you can do.
In this example we completely remove a trash can from the image and paint the building and the sidewalk in behind it.
In this Tutorial I am going to teach you the very basics of Photoshop. This is the perfect guide to someone who has just begun using Photoshop.
This tutorial was made to familiarize anyone to using Adobe Photoshop, and start creating awesome graphic design projects today! This long video is a 5-Section tutorial that was designed to be a resource which could be used if one wishes to improve upon/ learn one certain aspect covered in the basics, however if you are a complete beginner, I recommend you follow along the whole way though this tutorial, so hopefully by the end of it, you will be a lot more confident with your knowledge and ability as you continue getting more comfortable with the program!